J.R.R. Tolkien: MIDDLE EARTH, MIDDLE . Tolkien: MIDDLE EARTH, MIDDLE AGES A Dallas Medieval Consortium Course Time: Tuesdays, ... Prologue 1 Concerning Hobbits, 3 Of the Ordering of the Shire
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J.R.R. Tolkien: MIDDLE EARTH, MIDDLE AGES A Dallas Medieval Consortium Course Time: Tuesdays, 6:30 P.M. (Horchow Auditorium, Dallas Museum of Art) Faculty: Prof. Dennis Kratz (UTD), Professor Stephen Maddux (UD), Professor Bonnie Wheeler (SMU) with guest lecturers as announced Brief Description: J.R.R. Tolkien, author of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, was a great medieval scholar and a great story-teller. The two aspects of his life are not unrelated. This course explores Tolkiens work as rooted in ancient and medieval legends, mythologies, and literary genres and practices. We will seek to understand Tolkiens achievement both in its own right and as the continuation of the classical and medieval narrative traditions it both springs from and renews. Among the topics to be dealt with: Tolkien andfantasy; classical epic; Germanic and Finnish mythology; Celtic legend & mythology; medieval philology; his critics; the silver screen; his successors in fantastic narrative. General Information Caveat: Assignments and lecture topics subject to change. Dont miss class and you wont miss announced changes. Disability Accommodations: Students needing academic accommodations for a disability must first contact their campuss coordinator of Services for Students with Disabilities to verify the disability and establish eligibility for accommodations. They should then schedule an appointment with their home professor to make appropriate arrangements. Religious Observance: Religiously observant students wishing to be absent on holidays that require missing class should notify their professors in writing at the beginning of the semester, and should discuss with them, in advance, acceptable ways of making up any work missed because of the absence. Course website: http://www.smu.edu/tolkien Required Books: J.R.R. Tolkien Silmarillion Ballantine 0345325818 J.R.R. Tolkien Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, Sir Orfeo Del Rey 0345277600 J.R.R. Tolkien The Lord of the Rings Houghton-Mifflin 0-618-26025-0 J.R.R. Tolkien The Tolkien Reader Ballantine Books 0345345061 Seamus Heaney, trans. Beowulf: A Verse Translation (Norton Critical Editions) 026110263X Tom Shippey JRR Tolkien: Author of the Century Houghton-Mifflin 0618257594 OLR=On-Line Reader contains many required and recommended readings: on website (http://www.smu.edu/tolkien). You must have course password and username to access the OLR. Recommended Books: J.R.R. Tolkien. The Monsters and the Critics (formerly: Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics). ed. Christopher Tolkien. Houghton-Mifflin, 1984. Reprinted Harpercollins, 1997. 026110263x. Currently out of print. It includes "On Fairy-Stories," but also the famous essay "Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics," and many other interesting essays. Idem. The Letters of JRR Tolkien. Edd. Humprhey Carpenter & Christopher Tolkien. Houghton-Mifflin, 2000. 0618056998. Idem. Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-Earth. ed. C. Tolkien. Houghton-Mifflin, 2001. 0618154943. Idem. The History of Middle-Earth. Ed. C. Tolkien. 1. The Book of Lost Tales 1. Del Rey, 1992. 0345375211 2. The Book of Lost Tales 2. Del Rey, 1992. 034537522x The first version of Tolkiens mythology, dating from the 1910s. 3. The Lays of Beleriand. Del Ray, 1994. 0345388186 Verse narratives of the First Age. 4. The Shaping of Middle-Earth. Balantine Books, 1995. 0345400437 The second phase of the mythology, pre-LotR. 5. The Lost Road and Other Writings. Del Rey, 1996. 0345406850 The myth of Numenor/Atlantis. Modern dreamer with vision of the past. Next four volumes form the History of the Lord of the Rings. They give the successive drafts of the various parts of the LotR. 6. The Return of the Shadow. Houghton-Mifflin, 2000. 061808357x 7. The Treason of Isengard. Houghton-Mifflin, 2000. 0618083588 8. The War of the Ring. Houghton-Mifflin, 2000. 0618083596 9. Sauron Defeated: the End of the Third Age. Houghton-Mifflin, 1992. 0395606497. Includes the Notion Club Papers, with the 2nd version of the Fall of Numenor. 10. Morgoths Ring: The Later Silmarillion, Part 1. Houghton-Mifflin, 1993. 0395680921 11. The War of the Rings: The Later Silmarillion, Part 2. Houghton-Mifflin, 1994. 0395710413 Vols 10 & 11 give the post-LotR evolution of the mythology. 12. The Peoples of Middle-Earth. Houghton-Mifflin, 1996. 0395827604 Odds and ends. Humphrey Carpenter. J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography. Houghton-Mifflin, 2000. 0618057021 Jane Chance. Tolkiens Art: A Mythology for England. U of Kentucky P, 2001. 0813190207 Jane Chance The Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power. U of Kentucky P, 2001. 0813190177 Tom Shippey. The Road to Middle-Earth (Revised & Expanded Edition). Houghton-Mifflin, 2003. 0618257608 Syllabus Aug 26 At Home SMU (306 Dallas Hall) UTD (MP 2.212) UD (Lynch Hall) Required Reading: LOTR Sept 2 At Home SMU (306 Dallas Hall) UTD (MP 2.212) UD (Lynch Hall) Required Reading: LOTR Sept 9 Tolkien and Cultural Fantasies: Desired, Dismissed, Disdained Required Reading: J.R.R. Tolkien, On Fairy Stories (pp. 3399 in The Tolkien Reader); Tolkien, Sir Orfeo (pp. 16990 in J.R.R. Tolkien, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, etc.); Dream of Macsen (OLR); Prologues: Geoffrey of Monmouth, Marie de France, Chrtien de Troyes, Prologue to Historia de Preliis Alexandri Magni (OLR) Review Reading: Songs Elven song, songs of elven things, songs of the past: 1.3 p. 78 Snow-white; 1.11 p. 187 The leaves were long; 2.1 p. 227 Erendil was a mariner; 2.1 p. 231 A Elbereth Gilthoniel; 2.4 p. 308 The world was young;) 2.6 p. 331 An Elven-maid; 2.8 p. 363 I sang of leaves; 2.8 p. 368 Ai! lauri lantar lassi srinen; 3.4 p. 453 Learn now the lore; 3.4 p. 458 In the willow-meads of Tasarinan; 3.11 p. 583 Tall ships and tall kings (Songs of the Rohirrim: 786, 831) Sept 16 Memory and Mortality Required Reading: Beowulf (Seamus Heaney translation); Tolkien, The Monsters and the Critics (OLR); Review Reading: LotR : 3.6 The King of the Golden Hall; 5.3 The Muster of Rohan; 5.5-6 the Ride of the Rohirrim, the Battle of the Pelennor Fields; Appendix A-II pp1038-45 Recommended Reading: Tolkien, On Translating Beowulf (OLR); Sept 23 Mapping the Landcapes: Ecologies of Middles Required Reading: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight in J.R.R. Tolkien, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, etc.); JRR Tolkien, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (from BtMatC or OLR) Review Reading: LotR: 1) Shire: Prologue 1 Concerning Hobbits, 3 Of the Ordering of the Shire 1.13 (particularly 1.3 Three is Company). 2) Near the Shire: 1.68 (the Old Forest, Tom Bombadil, BarrowDowns). 3) larger ME. first view of Caradhras, etc: 2.3.12 p27576. Gimlis poem 2.4 p3089 . All of FR, much of TT. 4) Elven settings in ME: 1.3.911 pp7583; 2.1 Rivendell pp219232; 2.57 (Lothlorien +) 5) forests: (Mirkwood: Hobbit 8) Fangorn 3.4 5) the Far West: 1.8 p132 (1st ); 2.1 p227 Erendil was a mariner; 6.6 Many Partings; 6.9 The Grey Havens; Appendix Ai Recommended Reading: Voyage of St. Brendan (OLR); Shippey, Author 0f the Century, c2 (Mapping Out a Plot) Silmarillion: Ainulindal, Valaquenta, Quenta Silmarillion 113, 24; Akallabeth. HoME 9.1.1011, pp. 108135[=early versions of LotR 6.9, the Grey Havens, and unused epilogue] (OLR). Sept 30 Tom Shippey, on Author 0f the Century Required Reading: Author 0f the Century Recommended Reading: Road to Middle Earth Oct 7 Hero-Crafts: Story-Shaping Heroes Required Reading: A. Classical Traditions: Hero as Singer Odyssey (FAGLES translation preferred if you want to buy a text; otherwise use OLR) I. 112 (p. 77) VIII. 527558](pp. 206207) IX. 143](pp. 21112) IX. 55874](p. 227) Aeneid (MANDELBAUM translation preferred if you want to buy a text; otherwise use OLR) I. 625659](pp. 1617) II. 18 (p. 29) VI. 11101137 (pp. 16061) IX. 798829 (pp. 23435) B. Heroic Virtue in Christian Revision Waltharius in OLR vv. 84677 (p. 43) vv. 12151224 (p. 59) vv. 13961404 (p. 67) Ruodlieb in OLR III. 114 (p. 87) V. 418445 (pp. 12123) Review Reading: LotR 6.4.3 p928 (epic simile) Recommended Reading: Vergil, Aeneid; Song of Roland; Runciman, History of the Crusades, v1; W.H. Auden, The Quest Hero (OLR) The Texas Quarterly 4 (1962) 8193; repr in Isaacs & Zimbardo, Tolkien & the Critics (U of ND P, c1968) Oct 14 At Home; read Silmarillion SMU Fall break UTD (MP 2.212) UD (Lynch Hall) Oct 21 Monsters and Heroes: Northern Mythologies Required Reading: Silmarillion emphasis on Morgoth, the tale of Beren & Luthien (162) and especially the tale of Turin (21). Review Reading: LotR: chapters on Rohan (see above, Sept. 16) Recommended Reading: Hobbit: Smaug; concluding chapters) Oct 28 Heroes and Monsters: Northern Mythologies Guest lecturer: Prof. Lee Fratantuono (UD) Required Reading: all in OLR Selections from Snorris Edda: Gylfaginning; Poetic Edda eg, Voluspa, Vafthruthnir, Grimnir, Voluspa hin skanna, Volund, Fafnir, short Lay of Sigurth; Selections from Volsungasaga: cc34-39? (Morris trans.) Kalevala: opening sections (creation, duel of singers) Recommended Reading: In entirety: Volsungasaga; Poetic Edda; Kalevala; Njals saga, Grettirs Saga. Nov 4 Jane Chance, on Tolkien and the Other: Race and Gender in Middle-Earth Required Reading: Tolkien's translation of the Old English Exodus ,ed. Joan Turville-Petre (OLR) The Old English Wanderer (OLR) Tolkien Letters 181, 213, 246 (ed. Humphrey Carpenter) (OLR) Tolkien's verse drama, The Homecoming of Beorthnoth Beorthelm's Son (in The Tolkien Reader) Tolkien's essay on Ofermod (in The Tolkien Reader) Review Reading: LotR races: Appendix A, Appendix F. Silmarillion, passim. Fellowship of the Ring, book 1, chapter 1, on the Hobbits Return of the King, The Scouring of the Shire Two Towers, book 1, chapter 3 (on Rohan) and 4 (on Treebeard Recommended Reading: HoME 12, The Peoples of M-E, passim. Tolkien's article on Sigelwara Land, I and II (about a line in Exodus) Tolkien Letters 45, 64, 78, 131, 141(ed. Humphrey Carpenter) Nov 11 In the Beginning Was the Word: Philology, Polyglossia, and the Restoration of Kingship in LotR. Guest Lecturer: Prof. John Lewis (SMU) Review Reading: On language: LotR: Book One, Chapter II, The Shadow of the Past (pp. 41-63); Book Two, Chapter II The Council of Elrond (pp. 233-264); Book Three, Chapter IV, Treebeard (pp. 450-476); Book Four, Chapter V The Window on the West (pp. 648-667); Book Five, Chapter IV "The Siege of Gondor" (pp. 788-811); Book Six, Chapter IV "The Field of Cormallen"; Appendix F (pp. 1101-1112). Silmarillion passim (things about the Elves movements sunderings and reunions), Nov 18 To Diss and to Delight: Tolkien the Critics, the Movies Readings: Selections fromTolkien and the Critics (OLR) Norman Cantor, The Oxford Fantasists Edmund Wilson, Oh Those Awful Orcs! Nov 25 Tolkiens Aftermath: The Monsters and the Students Required Reading in OLR: The Lost Road, HoME 5 pp. 1-108, and especially pp. 36-98; The Notion Club Papers, HoME 9, pp145-318. Valedictory Address (from tMatC) Dec 2 At Home Final Class SMU final Class, 306 Dallas Hall UTD (MP 2.212) UD (Lynch Hall) [Paper due, min. 10, max. 15 pages; permission of instructor required] FINAL EXAM SMU (306 Dallas Hall) 6:30 Dec 9 UTD (MP 2.212) UD (Lynch Hall)
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